The Dream

size(cm): 55x75
Sale price£203 GBP


The Dream (Le Rêve) is a painting by French artist Henri Rousseau, executed in 1910. Rousseau, known as "Le Douanier" (The Customs Officer) due to his work as a customs clerk, was a self-taught painter and part of the Post-Impressionist movement. Although he did not receive a formal art education, his works are noted for their naive style, which conveys a unique charm and simplified view of the natural world.

El Sueño is an emblematic example of his style and his ability to create scenes of dreams and fantasy. The painting shows a nude woman reclining on a sofa in the middle of a lush tropical jungle, surrounded by colorful plants and exotic animals such as snakes, lions, elephants and birds. Despite the apparent dangerousness of the surroundings, the woman appears to be calm and at peace.

An interesting feature of the work is the mixture of realistic and fantastic elements. Although Rousseau never traveled outside of France, he drew on images of plants and animals he saw in books, magazines, and exhibits in Paris to recreate his version of a tropical rainforest. His self-taught approach and naïve style led to an unusual and almost magical interpretation of nature.

In addition, the painting reflects the interest in the exotic and primitive that was present in European culture at the time, as well as the growing interest in art from "other" continents, such as Africa and Asia. Despite his lack of recognition during his lifetime, Rousseau has subsequently been valued as a forerunner of the Surrealist movement, and his work has influenced many artists, including Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, and Salvador Dalí.

An additional curiosity about The Dream is that the woman who appears in the painting, Yadwigha, was Rousseau's muse and also his neighbor in Paris. According to some sources, Rousseau was in love with Yadwigha, although she did not share his feelings. The relationship between the painter and his muse adds an emotional dimension to the work, making it a reflection of Rousseau's unrequited desires.

As for Rousseau's technique, although his works appear simplified and flat at first glance, looking closely at The Dream reveals minute details and careful attention to color and texture. Rousseau developed his own color palette, including bright and saturated tones, bringing a vibrant and almost dreamlike feel to his compositions.

The Dream is also a thought-provoking work on the themes of the subconscious and altered states of perception. The figure of Yadwigha, asleep and oblivious to the jungle that surrounds her, represents the idea that dreams can be a space where the borders between reality and fantasy blur. This connects with the Surrealist movement's fascination with dreams and images of the unconscious mind, which would develop further in the following decades.

Henri Rousseau's The Dream is an intriguing and enigmatic painting that mixes realistic and fantastic elements, and evokes feelings of desire, dreaminess, and mystery. In addition to its singular style and technique, the work stands out for its connections with the artistic and cultural currents of its time and for its influence on the development of surrealism.

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