Las 10 de los 10: Las Diez Pinturas Más Importantes de los Diez Artistas Más Famosos de la Historia

On the Internet there are numerous lists on the 10 most famous paintings of humanity, usually with little variation between them.

However, we do not find any about the 10 most important and transcendental paintings of each of the 10 most famous and influential artists in history.

So in KUADROS We put ourselves to the task of elaborating a complete compendium on the 10 most important and representative paintings created by each of these geniuses of our history.

Next, the 10 most important paintings of each of the 10 most famous artists in humanity. 

No.1 Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519):

THE LADY OF THE ARMIGN - Leonardo da VinciLeonardo Da Vinci is one of the most famous artists in Italian Renaissance, his works have been subject to study and admiration for centuries. This is the 10 most famous and important paintings of Leonardo da Vinci:

  • La Mona Lisa (1503-1506): Also known as La Gioconda, it is a painting of a woman with an enigmatic smile. It is considered one of the most famous works of art in history.
  • The Last Supper (1495-1498): A fresco located in the Dominican convent of Santa Maria Delle Grazie in Milan, Italy. It represents Jesus' last dinner with his disciples before being crucified.
  • The Annunciation (1472-1475): An oil on a table that represents the moment when the Angel Gabriel announces to the Virgin Mary who will be the mother of Jesus.
  • San Juan Bautista (1513-1516): An oil on table that represents San Juan Bautista with a gesture of blessing.
  • The worship of the magicians (1481-1482): An oil on table that represents the Magi worshiping the Child Jesus.
  • The Virgin and the Child with Santa Ana (1503-1507): An oil on canvas that represents the Virgin Mary, the Child Jesus and Santa Ana.
  • The Virgen de las Rocas (1483-1486): An oil on table that represents the Virgin Mary, the Child Jesus, Saint John the Baptist and an angel.
  • The Virgen de la Rueca (1506-1515): The Virgen de la Rueca is a masterpiece of the renowned Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, dating from the fifteenth century. This painting is one of the most outstanding works of the Renaissance period, and is considered one of the most beautiful representations of the Virgin Mary.
  • The battle of Anghiari (1503-1506): A fresco that represents the battle of Anghiari, although unfortunately it is not preserved in its original form.
  • THE ARMINATION LADY (1488-1490): Also known as the lady with the fare, it is an oil on a table that portrays Cecilia Gallerani, a young noble from the court of Milan. In this work, Leonardo Da Vinci manages to capture the beauty and elegance of the lady, who delicately holds an arm in her arms. The fare, a small white fur animal, symbolizes purity and virtue. The painting stands out for its masterful use of light and shadow, as well as the thorough details in the folds of the clothing and the serene expression of the protagonist. The Lady of Armor shows Leonardo's ability to portray the personality and grace of her models, making her an outstanding work within her artistic repertoire.

No. 02 Pablo Picasso (1881-1973).

Guernica - PicassoPablo Picasso is one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century, creator of Cubism and author of iconic works such as Guernica. These are the 10 most important paintings of Pablo Picasso:

  • Guernica (1937): An oil painting that represents the horrors of the Spanish civil war. It is considered one of the most powerful and political works of the twentieth century.
  • Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907): An oil painting that represents five prostitutes in a brothel in Barcelona. It is one of the most influential works of modern art and one of the first paintings of the cubist movement.
  • The persistence of memory (1931): An oil painting that represents soft and melted watches. It is one of the most iconic works of surrealism.
  • Three musicians (1921): An oil painting that represents three musicians who play different instruments in an inner environment. It is considered one of the best works of the Picasso neoclassical period.
  • The woman who cries (1937): An oil painting that represents a woman crying. It was inspired by the Spanish Civil War and is considered one of Picasso's most emotional works.
  • The ladies of Avignon (1907): An oil painting that represents five prostitutes in a brothel in Barcelona. It is one of Picasso's first Cubist works.
  • Lifting nature with straw chair (1912): An oil painting that represents a still life with everyday objects such as a straw chair and a newspaper. It is a key work of synthetic cubism.
  • The old blind guitarist (1903-1904): An oil painting that represents a blind man playing a guitar. It is considered one of the most emotional works of the blue stage of Picasso.
  • DANCE (1925): An oil painting that represents a group of figures dancing. It is a key work of the classic Picasso period.
  • Arlequín (1915): An oil painting that represents a character from Commedia Dell'Arte Italiana. It is a key work of the Cubist period of Picasso.

No. 3 Miguel Angel (Michelangelo Buonarroti) (1475-1564):

Michelangelo Bononarroti is one of the most prominent artists of the Italian Renaissance, known for his masterpieces in sculpture, architecture and painting. These are the 10 most important paintings of Michelangelo:

  • The creation of Adam (1508-1512): It is a fresco located on the roof of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. It is one of Michelangelo's most famous works and represents the moment when God creates man.
  • The final judgment (1536-1541): Also located in the Sistine Chapel, it is a fresco that represents the second coming of Christ and the final judgment.
  • The creation of Eva (1510): Fresco in the Sistine Chapel that shows the creation of Eva from Adam's rib.
  • The prophet Zacarías (1508): A marble sculpture that represents King David of Israel. It is located in the Gallery of the Academy of Florence.
  • Original sin and expulsion from paradise (1510): Fresco in the Sistine Chapel that represents the original sin of Adam and Eve and its expulsion from the garden of Eden.
  • Saul's conversion (1542-1545): A fresco located in the Pauline chapel in the Vatican, which represents the conversion of Saul to Christianity.
  • Ignudi (1511): Series of twenty naked male figures that adorn the Sistine Chapel
  • The Sagrada Familia (1506-1508): An oil on canvas that represents the Virgin Mary, the Child Jesus and Saint John the Baptist. It is located in the Uffizi gallery in Florence.
  • La Crucifixion de San Pedro (1546-1550): A fresco located in the Pauline chapel in the Vatican, which represents the crucifixion of San Pedro.
  • LA MADONNA DELLA SCALA (c. 1490-1492): An oil on table that represents the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. It is located in the Duomo Opera Museum in Florence.

No. 04 Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669):

Rembrandt is a Dutch artist of the Baroque known for his paintings of portraits and landscapes, as well as his ability to portray light and shadow. These are the 10 most important paintings of Rembrandt:

  • The night round (1642): It is an oil on large canvas that represents a group of Dutch militia in a night scene. It is located in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and is considered the masterpiece of Rembrandt.
  • The Return of the Prodigal Son (1669): It is an oil on canvas that represents the biblical parable of the prodigal son. It is located in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg and is considered one of Rembrandt's most moving works.
  • Dr. Tulp's Anatomy Lesson (1632): It is an oil on canvas that represents a group of doctors and anatomists performing dissection. It is located in the Mauritche of The Hague and is considered one of the most important works of Rembrandt.
  • The Jewish bride (1667): It is an oil on canvas that represents a Jewish woman dressed in white with a crown of flowers in the head. It is located in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and is considered one of Rembrandt's most poetic works.
  • The day round (1640-1641): It is an oil on canvas that represents a group of civil guards in a daytime scene. It is located in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and is considered one of the most representative works of the Dutch Baroque.
  • Self-portrait with two circles (1665-1669): It is an oil on canvas in which Rembrandt represents himself with two circles in the background that symbolize his artistic vision. It is found in the Kenwood House in London and is considered one of the most famous self -portraits in art history.
  • Betsabé in the bathroom (1654): It is an oil on canvas that represents Uriah's wife, Betsabé, in a public bathroom. It is located in the Louvre Museum in Paris and is considered one of Rembrandt's most sensual works.
  • Diañer trustees (1662): It is an oil on canvas that represents the five trustees of the Guilda de Pañeros de Amsterdam. It is located in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and is considered one of the most representative works of the Collective Portrait of the Dutch Baroque.
  • Samson and Dalila (1628): It is an oil on canvas that represents the biblical history of Samson and Dalila. It is located in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin and is considered one of the most dramatic works of Rembrandt.
  • Isaac's sacrifice (1635): It is an oil on canvas that represents the moment that Abraham is about to sacrifice his son Isaac. It is located in the Heritage Museum in St. Petersburg and is considered one of the most moving works

No. 05 Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890):

Vincent Van Gogh is one of the most recognized and popular artists in art history, famous for his post -impressionist style and his vibrant and expressive technique. These are Van Gogh's 10 most important paintings:

  • The starry night (1889): It is an oil on canvas that represents the night sky with a great cypress and a town in the background. It is located in the Museum of Modern Art in New York and is considered Van Gogh's masterpiece.
  • The sunflowers (1888): It is a series of 12 paintings that represent sunflowers in different maturity states. They are found in different museums and private collections in the world and are considered some of Van Gogh's most iconic works.
  • Self -portrait with bandada ear (1889): It is an oil on canvas in which Van Gogh represents himself with a bandage in his ear. It is found in the Courtauld Gallery in London and is considered one of the most dramatic self -portraits of art history.
  • The bedroom in Arles (1889): It is an oil on canvas that represents the artist's bedroom in Arles, France. It is located in the Museum of Art of Chicago and is considered one of Van Gogh's most famous works.
  • Coffee at night (1888): It is an oil on canvas that represents a night coffee in Arles, France. It is located in Yale University's private collection and is considered one of Van Gogh's most vibrant and emotional works.
  • Wheat field with cypresses (1889): It is an oil on canvas that represents a wheat field with a large cypress at the bottom. It is located in the National Gallery in London and is considered one of Van Gogh's most impressive works.
  • The nap (1889): It is an oil on canvas that represents two peasants sleeping in a field. It is located in the Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of Van Gogh's most moving works.
  • Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890): It is an oil on canvas that represents the doctor who attended Van Gogh in his mental illness. It is located in a private collection and is considered one of Van Gogh's most intimate and personal works.
  • The harvest (1888): It is an oil on canvas that represents peasants working in a wheat field. It is located in the Cleveland Museum of Art and is considered one of Van Gogh's most emotional works.
  • The Coffee Terrace at night (1888): It is an oil on canvas that represents the terrace of a coffee in Arles, France. It is located in the Kröller-Müller Museum in the Netherlands and is considered one of Van Gogh's most iconic and recognized works.

No. 06 Claude Monet (1840-1926):

Claude Monet is one of the founders of the Impressionist Movement and one of the most important painters of the 19th century. These are Claude Monet's 10 most important paintings:

  • Printing, Rising Sun (1872): It is an oil on canvas that represents the sunrise on a port in Le Havre. It is considered the work that gave name to the impressionist movement.
  • Los Nenúfares (1915-1926): It is a series of paintings that represents the Water Garden of Monet at his home in Giverny. It is located in the Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of the most representative works of Monet.
  • La Gare Saint-Lazare (1877): It is an oil on canvas that represents the Saint-Lazare train station in Paris. It is located at the D'Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of the most important works of impressionism.
  • The Rouen Cathedral (1892-1894): It is a series of paintings that represents the Cathedral of Rouen at different times of the day and climatic conditions. It is found in different museums and private collections in the world and is considered one of Monet's most emblematic works.
  • The Japanese bridge (1899): It is an oil on canvas that represents the Japanese bridge in the Giverny Water Garden. It is located at the Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of Monet's most beautiful works.
  • The poppies (1873): It is an oil on canvas that represents a poppy field in the field. It is located in the D'Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of Monet's most impressive works.
  • The Monet Garden in Giverny (1900): It is an oil on canvas represented by the Monet Water Garden in Giverny. It is located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and is considered one of Monet's most beautiful works.
  • Lunch (1873): It is an oil on canvas that represents a country lunch with friends. It is located at the D'Orsay Museum in Paris and is considered one of the most important works of impressionism.
  • The Sena in Argenteuil (1874): It is an oil on canvas that represents the Sena river in the city of Argenteuil. It is found in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris and is considered one of the most emblematic works of impressionism.
  • The rue Montorgueil, party day (1878): It is an oil on canvas that represents a street full of people on the day of the French national holiday. It is located in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris and is considered one of the most important works of impressionism.

No. 07 Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675):

Johannes Vermeer is a 17th -century Dutch painter known for his unique technique and his masterful use of light and color. These are the 10 most important paintings of Johannes Vermeer:

  • The young woman of La Perla (1665): It is an oil on canvas that represents a young woman with a pearl in her ear. It is one of Vermeer's best known and emblematic works.
  • The milkmaid (1658-1660): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman pouring milk into a jug. It is considered one of Vermeer's masterpieces.
  • The love letter (1669): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman reading a letter while a man observes her. It is one of the most famous and romantic works of Vermeer.
  • The alley (1658): It is an oil on canvas that represents a street in Delft. It is considered one of Vermeer's most impressive and detailed works.
  • Delft's view (1660-1661): It is an oil on canvas that represents a view of the city of Delft. It is considered one of the greatest and most ambitious works of Vermeer.
  • The woman in Azul reading a letter (1663-1664): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman reading a letter while sitting next to a window. It is considered one of the most sensual and emotional works of Vermeer.
  • The guitar (1672): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman holding a guitar while a man observes her. It is considered one of the most intimate and emotional works of Vermeer.
  • The astronomer (1668): It is an oil on canvas that represents a man examining a celestial globe. It is considered one of the most detailed and mysterious works of Vermeer.
  • The Lady of the Virginal (1672): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman playing a virgin. It is considered one of Vermeer's most intricate and delicate works.
  • La Lavandera (1651-1652): It is an oil on canvas that represents a woman washing clothes in a river. It is considered one of the earliest and most lovely works to seemeer.

No. 06 Salvador Dalí (1904-1989):

The temptation of San Antonio - DalíSalvador Dalí was a Spanish painter known for his surrealist style and his works loaded with symbolism. These are the 10 most important paintings of Salvador Dalí:

  • The persistence of memory (1931): It is an oil on canvas that represents a surreal landscape with soft watches. It is considered the most famous and emblematic work of Dalí.
  • The temptation of San Antonio (1946): It is an oil on canvas that represents the struggle of the saint against his temptations. It is considered one of Dalí's masterpieces.
  • The Great Masturbator (1929): It is an oil on canvas that represents a self -portrait of Dalí as an androgynous being. It is considered one of Dalí's most provocative and controversial works.
  • The city of prodigies (1978): It is a large work that represents a surreal city full of details and symbolisms. It is considered one of Dalí's most complex and ambitious works.
  • The metamorphosis of Narciso (1937): It is an oil on canvas that represents the myth of Narcissus, in which a young man falls in love with his own image reflected in the water. It is considered one of Dalí's most poetic and metaphorical works.
  • Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a grenade a second before the awakening (1944): It is an oil on canvas that represents a surreal landscape with an open grenade and ants. It is considered one of Dalí's most dreamlike and enigmatic works.
  • Galatea of ​​the spheres (1952): It is an oil on canvas that represents Dalí's wife, gala, surrounded by floating spheres. It is considered one of Dalí's brighter and mystical works.
  • The Spectrum of Sex-Apppeal (1932): It is an oil on canvas that represents a female figure in a surreal landscape. It is considered one of Dalí's most sensual and erotic works.
  • The Great Paranoid (1936): It is an oil on canvas that represents an androgynous figure in a surreal landscape. It is considered one of Dalí's most symbolic and psychological works.
  • Surrealist landscape with elephants (1937): It is an oil on canvas that represents a surreal landscape with elephants with spider legs. It is considered one of Dalí's most extravagant and surreal works.

No. 09 Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510):

Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the Renaissance known for his works of mythological and religious themes. These are the 10 most important paintings of Sandro Botticelli:

  • THE BIRTH OF VENUS (C.1484–1486): It is an oil on canvas that represents the goddess Venus emerging from the sea in a shell. It is considered the most famous and iconic work of Botticelli.
  • Spring (C.1477–1482): It is an oil on canvas that represents an allegorical scene with the goddess Venus in the center surrounded by several mythological figures. It is considered one of Botticelli's most famous and complex works.
  • Worship worship (c.1475): It is an oil on a table that represents the worship of the Magi to the Child Jesus. It is considered one of Botticelli's first masterpieces.
  • The Coronation of the Virgin (C.1475–1480): It is an oil on a table that represents the coronation of the Virgin Mary for the Trinity. It is considered one of Botticelli's most important works in terms of religious theme.
  • Madonna del Magnificat (C.1481–1485): It is an oil on a table that represents the Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus while writing the Magnificat. It is considered one of Botticelli's most beautiful and delicate works.
  • San Agustín in his study (C.1480): It is a fresco that represents the Holy Agustín in his study surrounded by books and symbolic objects. It is considered one of Botticelli's most interesting and symbolic works.
  • The Annunciation (C.1489–1490): It is an oil on table that represents the moment when Angel Gabriel announces to the Virgin Mary that will give birth to the Child Jesus. It is considered one of Botticelli's most emotional and poetic works.
  • Visitation (C.1491–1492): It is an oil on table that represents the encounter between the Virgin Mary and her cousin Isabel during the pregnancy of both. It is considered one of Botticelli's most important works in terms of religious theme.
  • Pallas and centaur (c.1482): It is an oil on a table that represents the goddess Athena (Pallas) fighting a centaur. It is considered one of Botticelli's most dramatic and symbolic works.
  • The Virgin and the Child with Angels (C.1465): It is an oil on a table that represents the Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus surrounded by angels. It is considered one of Botticelli's first important works in terms of religious theme.

No. 10 Diego Velázquez (1599-1660):

Diego Velázquez was a seventeenth -century Spanish painter, considered one of the great masters of European painting. These are the 10 most important paintings of Diego Velázquez:

  • Las Meninas (1656): It is an oil on canvas that represents the Infanta Margarita surrounded by her entourage, including her parents, King Felipe IV and Queen Mariana of Austria. It is considered Velázquez's masterpiece and one of the most important in art history.
  • The Aguador of Seville (1620): It is an oil on canvas that represents a man selling water in the streets of Seville. She is considered one of Velázquez's first important works and shows her ability to capture everyday reality with great realism.
  • The surrender of Breda (1634–35): It is an oil on canvas that represents the surrender of the Dutch city of Breda to the Spanish forces in 1625. It is considered one of Velázquez's most important works in terms of historical theme.
  • The Venus del Mirjo (1647–1651): It is an oil on canvas that represents Venus looking in a mirror sustained by Cupid. It is considered one of Velázquez's most sensual and erotic works.
  • The jester Don Sebastián de Morra (1645): It is an oil on canvas that represents a jester of the Spanish court. It is considered one of the most emotional and moving works of Velázquez.
  • Portrait of Felipe IV (1644): It is an oil on canvas that represents King Felipe IV of Spain throughout its majesty. He is considered one of Velázquez's most important portraits and shows his ability to capture the psychology of his subjects.
  • Innocent X portrait (1650): It is an oil on canvas representing Pope Innocent X. He is considered one of Velázquez's most important portraits and shows his ability to capture the personality and dignity of his subjects.
  • Lunch (c. 1617): It is an oil on canvas that represents three men sitting at a table enjoying a lunch. She is considered one of Velázquez's first important works and shows her ability to capture everyday life with great realism.
  • Christ on the Cross (1632): It is an oil on canvas representing Jesus crucified. It is considered one of Velázquez's most emotional and powerful works in terms of religious theme.
  • San Antonio Abad (c. 1630): It is an oil on canvas that represents San Antonio Abad, patron of animals, surrounded by animals and demons. It is considered one of Velázquez's most interesting and symbolic works.

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